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LIQUIDAIRTECHNOLOGIESAGUIDETOTHEPOTENTIAL231nBasicPrincipleshavebeenobservedandreported.nScienticresearchundertaken.nScienticresearchisbeginningtobetranslatedintoappliedresearchanddevelopment.nPaperstudiesandscienticexperimentshavetakenplacenPerformancehasbeenpredicted.6nAmodelorprototypeofthetechnologysystemorsubsystemhasbeendemonstratedaspartofavehiclethatcansimulateandvalidateallsystemspecicationswithinatesthousetesttrackorsimilaroperationalenvironment.nPerformanceresultsvalidatethetechnologysviabilityforaspecicvehicleclass.2nSpeculativeapplicationshavebeenidentied.nExplorationintokeyprinciplesisongoing.nApplicationspecicsimulationsorexperimentshavebeenundertaken.nPerformancepredictionshavebeenrened.nPerformancehasbeenpredicted.7nMultipleprototypeshavebeendemonstratedinanoperationalon-vehicleenvironment.nThetechnologyperformsasrequired.nLimittestingandultimateperformancecharacteristicsarenowdetermined.nThetechnologyissuitabletobeincorporatedintospecicvehicleplatformdevelopmentprogrammes.3nAnalyticalandexperimentalassessmentshaveidentiedcriticalfunctionalityandorcharacteristics.nAnalyticalandlaboratorystudieshavephysicallyvalidatedpredictionsofseparateelementsofthetechnologyorcomponentsthatarenotyetintegratedorrepresentative.nPerformanceinvestigationusinganalyticalexperimentationandorsimulationsisunderway.8nTestanddemonstrationphaseshavebeencompletedtocustomerssatisfaction.nThetechnologyhasbeenproventoworkinitsnalformandunderexpectedconditions.nPerformancehasbeenvalidatedandconrmed.4nThetechnologycomponentandorbasicsubsystemhavebeenvalidatedinthelaboratoryortesthouseenvironment.nThebasicconcepthasbeenobservedinotherindustrysectorse.g.SpaceAerospace.nRequirementsandinteractionswithrelevantvehiclesystemshavebeendetermined.9nTheactualtechnologysystemhasbeenqualiedthroughoperationalexperience.nThetechnologyhasbeenappliedinitsnalformandunderreal-worldconditions.nReal-worldperformanceofthetechnologyisasuccess.nThevehicleorproducthasbeenlaunchedintothemarketplace.nScaledupdowntechnologyisindevelopmentforotherclassesofvehicle.5nThetechnologycomponentandorbasicsubsystemhavebeenvalidatedinrelevantenvironmentpotentiallythroughamuleoradaptedcurrentproductionvehicle.nBasictechnologicalcomponentsareintegratedwithreasonablyrealisticsupportingelementssothatthetechnologycanbetestedwithequipmentthatcansimulateandvalidateallsystemspecicationswithinalaboratorytesthouseortesttracksettingwithintegratedcomponents.nDesignruleshavebeenestablished.nPerformanceresultsdemonstratetheviabilityofthetechnologyandcondencetoselectitfornewvehicleprogrammeconsideration.10nThetechnologyissuccessfullyinserviceinmultipleapplicationformsvehicleplatformsandgeographicregions.In-serviceandlife-timewarrantydataisavailableconrmingactualmarketlifetimeperformanceandreliability.AUTOMOTIVECOUNCILTECHNOLOGYREADINESSLEVELS