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22LIQUIDAIRTECHNOLOGIESAGUIDETOTHEPOTENTIAL2010201120122013201420152016201720182019202020212022202320242026202920302050LIQUIDAIRENERGYSTORAGELAESTRL75MW15MWhCryogensetoperationalTRL9Storageworth10bntoUKgridCryogensetLAEScommercialdeploymentMarketopportunityof14GWforLAESHighviewcommercialproduct10MWLiquidaironUKgridworth1bnyear20kjobsHighviewGWdeploymentUKhas30GWwindneeds8.5-13GWgridbalancingcapacity2GWgridstoragetarget500MWLAESpossibleGlobalgridstoragemarketworth30bnDearmanenginegeneratorfeasibilitystudyTSBfundedUKhas55GWwindmorestorageneededDearmanenginegeneratordemonstratorOvernightelectricityemits50gCO2kWhandcosts2.7pDearmanenginegeneratorcommercialeldtrialsenablingcheaplowcarbonliquidairDearmanenginegeneratorcommercialisedLNGcoldimports29bcmcouldproduce8mtliquidairBirminghamCentreforCryogenicEnergyStoragelaunchedLNGcoldimports12bcmcouldproduce3.3mtliquidairLNGcoldimports20bcmcouldproduce5.6mtliquidairLIQUIDAIRTRANSPORTRefrigerationAsdaEcoFridgetriallaunchesDErefrigerationTRL4DErefrigerationsingleeldtrialTSBIDP8TRL5DErefrigeratedlorrycutsCO290vsdieselDErefrigerationeeteldtrialsChinafrozenfoodmktup30since2012Globalrefrigeratedvehiclemktworth6.8bnHeathybridwasteheatrecoveryDEheathybridTRL3DEheathybridTRL4DEheathybridbuscutsCO223vsdiesel42withair-conCitybusheathybridwouldcutCO2vsdieselfrom2015DEheathybridTRL6...FurtherDERDDEheathybridvolumeproduction...RicardosplitcycleenginedevelopmentTSBIDP8RicardosplitcycleenginevolumeproductionPOLICYCONTEXTLAIRgrantspendingreachessignicantmillionsUKemissions-34bylawUKemissions-60indicativetarget4thCarbonBudgetUKcarbonpriceoor30tCO2UKcarbonpricetarget70tCO2EUvehicleemissionstarget95gCO2kmforcarsUKemissions-80bylaw147gCO2kmforvans.Liquidairtechnologytimeline.SourcesHighviewPowerStorageDearmanEngineCompanyE4techImperialCollegeEnergyStorageNetworkNationalGridDECCClimateChangeCommitteeEuropeanCommissionPikeResearchCentreforLowCarbonFuturesLiquidAirEnergyNetwork.TECHNOLOGYTIMELINE