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LIQUIDAIRTECHNOLOGIESAGUIDETOTHEPOTENTIAL13PEAKSECURITYOFSUPPLYELECTRICITYASAFUELFORHYBRIDVEHICLESALSOPROVIDEFREEAIRCONDITIONINGORREFRIGERATIONREFUELLINGSTATIONTRANSPORTEDONSITECRYOGENSETLAESLIQUIDAIRENERGYSTORAGEPLANTLIQUIDAIRTECHNOLOGIESAGUIDETOTHEPOTENTIALPOWERLIQUIDAIRWASTECOLDRECYCLEWASTEHEATRECYCLEPROVIDECOOLINGFORSUPERMARKETSDATACENTRESETCCOLDSTORAGETANKWINDENERGYOROTHERFORMSOFOFF-PEAKELECTRICITYFUELFORZEROEMISSIONSVEHICLESPOWERRECOVERYZEROEMISSIONREMOTEBACK-UPPOWERCOOLINGFACTORIESINDUSTRIESLIQUIDAIRSTORAGETANKLIQUIDAIRSTORAGETANKCO-LOCATEDGENERATIONORINDUSTRIALPROCESSESLNGTERMINALPOWERRECOVERYLIQUIDAIRSTORAGETANKLIQUEFACTIONLiquidairtechnologiescouldintegratewithawiderangeofequipmentacrosstheelectricitygastransportandindustrialsectorstoformaliquidaireconomy.Thisisnotremotelytosuggestliquidairisasilverbulletbutitcouldhelptotacklesomeorourtoughestenergychallengesanddelivermajorsavingsinenergycarbonandcost.Inaliquidaireconomymanydifferentenergyservicescouldbeprovidedfromasingletankofcold.IfaLiquidAirEnergyStorageplantwerebuiltinabusinessparkforexampleitcouldliquefyairusinglowercarbonoff-peakelectricityandthenuseittogenerateelectricityefcientlyatpeaktimesincorporatingwasteheatfromanearbybiomasspowerstation.TheLAESplantcouldalsosupplyliquidairtoaneighbouringlogisticsbusinesstofuelforklifttrucksandrefrigeratedlorriesandbytankertolocationsfurtheraeldsuchassupermarketsandbusdepots.Theretheliquidaircouldbeusedbothforrefrigeratedandhybridvehiclescuttingdieselconsumptionbyasmuchasaquarterandforemergencyback-uppowerorgridbalancing.LiquidAirEnergyStorageplantscouldbeco-locatedwithindustrywheretheycouldturnwasteheatintoadditionalpowerorwithLNGterminalswherehugeamountsofwastecoldcouldmassivelyincreasetheefciencyofairliquefaction.WeestimatethewastecoldfromBritainsprojectedLNGimportsin2030couldproduceenoughliquidairtofuel111000heathybridbusesmorethan2.5timestheexistingeet.Liquidaircouldalsobeintegratedwithallsortsofgeneratingcapacitywindnuclearandgastohelpbalancethegridandcutcarbonemissions.Itcouldalsobeintegratedintoexistingindustrialgasproductionsiteswhichcollectivelyhavesubstantialsurplusnitrogencapacity.Ifusedforelectricitystorageandgenerationthissurpluswouldequatetoan800MWpowerstationoperating312hoursperdayandcouldbeusedtodisplacethehighest-carbongeneratorsatpeaktimeswithlowercarbonelectricity.Thepotentialoftheliquidaireconomyisonlybeginningtobecomeapparentanditseemslikelythatfurtheropportunitieswillemergeasourunderstandingimproves.TheLiquidAirEnergyNetworkhasbeenformedtoinvestigatethepossibilitiesandwillpublishitsndingsinaseriesofreportsoverthecomingyear.Formoreinformationpleasevisitwww.liquidair.org.uk.