Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11
Page 12
Page 13
Page 14
Page 15
Page 16
Page 17
Page 18
Page 19
Page 20
Page 21
Page 22
Page 23
Page 24
Page 25
Page 26
Page 27
Page 28
Page 29
Page 30
Page 31
Page 32
Page 33
Page 34
Page 35
Page 36
Page 37
Page 38
LiquidAirMediaCoverage20121331October2012InstitutionofMechanicalEngineersPioneeringBritishtechnologiesthatcouldhelptostoreenergy-Page1UsernameLOG-INForgottenpasswordorNotregisteredSearchGOHomeNewsAgendanewsletterPressandmediaPresscoverageFollowtheInstitutionliquid-air-01PioneeringBritishtechnologiesthatcouldhelptostoreenergyOctober292012ThismonththeInstitutionhelpedtochampiontwopioneeringBritishtechnologiesthathavethepotentialtosolveoneofsocietysmostpressingchallengeshowtostoreenergy.Whatsmoretheybothuseourmostabundantresourceair.Thefirstliquidairtechnologyisahugelypromisingmethodofstoringwrong-timerenewableenergywithouttheneedforexpensiveandgeographicallyconstrictivepumped-hydroplantsandoneBishopStortfordengineerisevenworkingonaliquidairengineforuseintransportation.Theideaofliquidairasanenergyvectorisnotnew.Scientistsfirstliquefiedairin1883andwithin20yearstheLiquidAirCarCompanyhadproducedavehiclethatwouldrunonit.Whatisnewisthemarriageofliquidairtechnologywiththelatestengineeringtechniquesandprocessestocreateapotentiallyrevolutionarywaytosolvetheissueofintermittencyinherentinwindandsolarpower.LiquidAirEnergyStorageLAEStakeselectricityfromthegridatpeaktimessuchasonwindydaysandusesittocoolairuntilitliquefiesatminus196degreesCelsius.Theliquidairwhichatthisstageismostlynitrogencanthenbestoredcheaplyandsafelyuntilitisneededwhenitisexposedtonormalambienttemperatures.Theliquidimmediatelyturnsbackintogasexpandingby700timeswhichisthenusedtoturnaturbineandfeedelectricitybacktothegrid.HighviewPowerasmallBritishfirmheadquarteredinLondonhasbeentriallingtheprocessforthepasttwoyearsatthebackofapowerplantinSloughBerkshire.Whiletheprocessonitsowncancurrentlyonlyachievearound20-30efficiencywhencombinedwiththelow-gradeheatemittedbyanindustrialplantorpowerstationtheefficiencycouldrisetoasmuchas70makingitcompetitivewithotherformsoflarge-scaleenergystorage.Whatsmoreitdoesntneedthemountainousgeographyofpumped-hydrostorageorthescarceandhazardouschemicalsofalithiumbattery.TweetTweet0Like71MoreservicesShareShareHomeAboutusEventsKnowledgeLearninganddevelopmentMembershipandregistrationNearyouNewsServicesServicesoverviewServicesforyouBusinessservicesManufacturingExcellenceliquid-air-02On2OctobertheInstitutionhostedthelaunchofaworkinggroupsetuptoinvestigatethepotentialofliquidair.ThegroupwhichwillworkonawhitepaperonthetechnologytobereleasednextyearcomprisessomeofthecountrysleadingacademicsindustryrepresentativesandcivilservantsaswellasIanArbonfromtheInstitutionsEnergyEnvironmentandSustainabilityGroup.LaunchingtheworkinggroupDrTimFoxHeadofEnergyandEnvironmentattheInstitutionofMechanicalEngineerssaidAswelooktorunourhomesandcarsbusinessesandfactoriesonzeroorlowcarbonenergyweneednewsolutionstocaptureandessentiallywarehousegreenenergysoitcanbeusedwhenandwhererequiredeitheronthegridorinavehicle.Atoneendofthescalepumpedhydroprovidesverylargescaleenergystoragebutislimitedgeographicallybyrequiringmountainswhileattheotherendofthespectrumbatteriescanfitinvehiclesbutcurrentlyareexpensiveandtakehourstorecharge.Liquidairandliquidnitrogenareanexcitingalternativeweshouldexploretostoreenergy.Itseemstoaddressmanyofthechallengeswefaceandisaffordableusesmaturecomponentsandishighlyscalable.ThelaunchalsocaughttheattentionofthenationalmediafeaturingontheBBCwebsiteTodayProgrammeBBC1OClockNewsSkyNewsandPEMagazine.LaterinthemonthasecondpioneeringengineeringfirmcametotheInstitutiontopresenttheirlatestdevelopment.AirFuelSynthesisAFSfromStockton-on-TeesarrivedattheInstitutionsAirCaptureDevelopingTechnologiesforCarbonRecyclingandNegativeEmissionsconferencewithastartlingannouncementtheyhadcreatedpetrolusingairandelectricity.AFScreatedfivelitresofsyntheticpetrolattheirStocktondemonstratorplantusingthefollowingprocessAirisblownintoatowercontainingamistofsodiumhydroxidewhichreactswiththecarbondioxideintheairformingsodiumcarbonate.ElectricityisthenpassedthroughthesodiumcarbonatetoreleasethecarbondioxidewhichisstoredAdehumidifierinthetowercondenseswaterfromtheair.Thewateristhensplitintohydrogenandoxygenusingelectrolysis